Waste management through life cycle assessment of products

Yu V. Borodin, T. E. Aliferova, A. Ncube

Результат исследований: Материалы для книги/типы отчетовМатериалы для конференции

2 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

The rapid growth of a population in a country can contribute to high production of waste. Municipal waste and industrial waste can bring unhealthy and unpleasant environment or even diseases to human beings if the wastes are not managed properly.With increasing concerns over waste and the need for 'greener' products, it is necessary to carry out Life Cycle Assessments of products and this will help manufacturers take the first steps towards greener designs by assessing their product's carbon output. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a process to evaluate the environmental burdens associated with a product, process or activity by identifying and quantifying energy and materials used and wastes released to the environment, and to assess the impact of those energy and material used and released to the environment. The aim of the study was to use a life cycle assessment approach to determine which waste disposal options that will substantially reduce the environmental burdens posed by the Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) bottle. Several important observations can be made. 1) Recycling of the PET bottle waste can significantly reduce the energy required across the life cycle because the high energy inputs needed to process the requisite virgin materials greatly exceeds the energy needs of the recycling process steps. 2) Greenhouse gases can be reduced by opting for recycling instead of landfilling and incineration. 3) Quantity of waste emissions released from different disposal options was identified. 4) Recycling is the environmentally preferable disposal method for the PET bottle. Industry can use the tools and data in this study to evaluate the health, environmental, and energy implications of the PET bottle. LCA intends to aid decision-makers in this respect, provided that the scientific underpinning is available. Strategic incentives for product development and life cycle management can then be developed.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Название основной публикацииIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
ИздательInstitute of Physics Publishing
Том81
Издание1
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 23 апр 2015
СобытиеInternational Scientific Conference on Radiation-Thermal Effects and Processes in Inorganic Materials, RTEP 2014 - Tomsk, Российская Федерация
Продолжительность: 3 ноя 20148 ноя 2014

Другое

ДругоеInternational Scientific Conference on Radiation-Thermal Effects and Processes in Inorganic Materials, RTEP 2014
СтранаРоссийская Федерация
ГородTomsk
Период3.11.148.11.14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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  • Цитировать

    Borodin, Y. V., Aliferova, T. E., & Ncube, A. (2015). Waste management through life cycle assessment of products. В IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (1 ред., Том 81). [012085] Institute of Physics Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/81/1/012085