The electronic structure of diazepam was analyzed by pulsed 14N nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations using the hybrid method B3PW91 with the 6-31G(d,p) basis set. Before searching for 14N NQR spectra, a 35Cl NQR line in diazepam was recorded to evaluate the degree of disorder in the crystal lattice and thus the chances to find much weaker NQR spectra of nitrogen-14 in this substance. In order to speed up the detection of weak NQR spectra, the spin-locked spin-echo multipulse sequence had to be applied. Despite the expected chemical inequivalence of the two nitrogen atoms in the diazepam molecule, only two resonance lines ν + and ν - were then found for this compound at 77 K. Possible reasons for this anomaly are discussed. From the experimental frequencies, the quadrupole coupling constant, the asymmetry parameter and the principal components of the electric field gradient tensor were determined. Those parameters were compared with the results of theoretical DFT calculations showing a reasonable accuracy of the DFT model used.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics