The phase and elemental composition and microhardness of instrumental steel U9 with zirconium and silicon coatings subjected to compression plasma flows and air thermal annealing are investigated. It is found that plasma impact leads to the formation of a surface layer with the thickness of up to ~8.5 μm alloyed with zirconium and silicon atoms and containing Fe2Zr intermetallic. Formation on the surface of the oxide γ-ZrO2 and carbonitride Zr(C, N) as a result of interaction with the residual atmosphere of the vacuum chamber is found. Change in the phase composition and dispersion of the structure leads to a twofold increase in microhardness. The alloyed layer retains the stability of the structure and phase composition (excluding polymorphic transition in ZrO2) up to 400°C. Annealing at 600°C leads to the internal oxidation accompanied by formation of a surface iron oxide scale and penetration of the oxygen atoms to the whole depth. The increase in the annealing temperature leads to the decrease in microhardness throughout the alloyed layer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)