An analysis of the special features inherent in the mechanisms involved in the mass transfer through biological membranes and nanostructural materials and those they have in common is performed, using combined approaches adopted in physical mesomechanics and nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The thermodynamical similarity of the media under study is shown to be associated with their two-phase nanostructural states. Biological membranes are liquid crystals capable of particle transfer through semitransparent hydrostatically closed systems with channeled internal structure. The mass transfer dynamics follows the nonlinear wave pattern in an excited medium characterized by hydrodynamic interactions. The nanostructural states in solids are connected with two-phase nonequilibrium nanocrystal-quasi-amorphous interlayer structure. Under plastic deformation and fracture of solids, the mass transfer occurs by the dissipative or the wave mechanism. The latter mechanism is associated with the shear channeling possibility in layered structures at the mesoscale level and with the self-organization of localized-deformation bands at the macroscale level. A gauge theory of channeled nonlinear waves of local structural transformations in layered media is put forward to account for the special features of nonlinear mass transfer waves in biological membranes and nanostructural layered materials. The underlying concepts are used to develop cognitive technologies for manufacturing smart nanostructural materials for different applications.
|Журнал||International Journal of Terraspace Science and Engineering|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 2010|
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