The method for correction of motion artefacts to improve myocardial perfusion imaging

K. V. Zavadovsky, A. I. Mishkina, A. V. Mochula, Yu B. Lishmanov

Результат исследований: Материалы для журналаСтатья

Выдержка

Purpose. To develop and clinically approve method for correction of blurring artefacts of the left ventricle to improve single photon emission computed tomography of myocardial perfusion imaging. Materials and methods. A total of 42 patients (39 of patients were males and 3 of patients were females) who had cardiac ischemia were examined by this method. Invasive (n=30) and MSCT (n=30) coronary angiography were performed in patients according to indications. Patients with coronary artery stenosis were conducted in ECG-gated myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with pharmacological stress test and a functional rest study. Computer processing of native images was carried out using special software which allowed for the reconstruction of static tomographic images without ECG-synchronization and 16 series of the tomographic images characterizing the myocardial perfusion at different phases of the cardiac cycle. Diastolic phase of cardiac circle was used for further analysis of myocardial perfusion. According to the results of invasive coronary angiography (n = 30) and MSCT (n = 12) patients were divided into two groups: group 1 included patients with CAD and the presence of coronary artery stenosis ≥ 70% (n = 18); group 2 comprised patients with coronary artery stenosis < 70% (n = 24). The sum of the stress scores of all segments (SSS) and extent of perfusion defects during stress test (Stress Extent) were determined from these values. Results. The average myocardial perfusion values in patients with coronary artery stenosis less than 70% during the diastolic phase images were significantly lower than the corresponding values obtained without cardiac motion correction: SSS 5(3-7) and 6, 5(5-9), (p<0, 01); Stress Extent 9, 5% (5, 5-17, 5%) and 12% (9-21, 5%), (p<0, 01), respectively. The average myocardial perfusion values in patients with coronary artery stenosis more than 70% in the diastole phase images were significantly higher than the corresponding values obtained without cardiac motion correction: SSS 23(19-31) and 21 (8-22), (p<0, 01); Stress Extent 44, 5(35-63) and 39% (18-50%), (p=0, 01), respectively. ROC analysis showed that the sensitivity and the specificity rates of MPS performed with cardiac motion correction were significantly (p < 0.05) higher compared with those obtained based on the assessment of summation images. Conclusion. The myocardial perfusion values obtained based on the analysis of enddiastolic series were significantly more informative then those obtained by the classical method in the diagnosis of angiographically significant (luminal narrowing ≥ 70%) coronary artery stenosis. This method allows to reduce the rates of false positive and false negative MPS results and to provide more accurate diagnosis of hemodynamically significant stenosis of the coronary arteries.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Страницы (с-по)56-64
Число страниц9
ЖурналRussian Electronic Journal of Radiology
Том7
Номер выпуска2
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2017

Отпечаток

Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
Artifacts
Coronary Stenosis
Perfusion
Coronary Angiography
Exercise Test
Electrocardiography
Perfusion Imaging
Diastole
Single-Photon Emission-Computed Tomography
ROC Curve
Heart Ventricles
Software
Ischemia
Pharmacology
Sensitivity and Specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Цитировать

The method for correction of motion artefacts to improve myocardial perfusion imaging. / Zavadovsky, K. V.; Mishkina, A. I.; Mochula, A. V.; Lishmanov, Yu B.

В: Russian Electronic Journal of Radiology, Том 7, № 2, 2017, стр. 56-64.

Результат исследований: Материалы для журналаСтатья

Zavadovsky, K. V. ; Mishkina, A. I. ; Mochula, A. V. ; Lishmanov, Yu B. / The method for correction of motion artefacts to improve myocardial perfusion imaging. В: Russian Electronic Journal of Radiology. 2017 ; Том 7, № 2. стр. 56-64.
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title = "The method for correction of motion artefacts to improve myocardial perfusion imaging",
abstract = "Purpose. To develop and clinically approve method for correction of blurring artefacts of the left ventricle to improve single photon emission computed tomography of myocardial perfusion imaging. Materials and methods. A total of 42 patients (39 of patients were males and 3 of patients were females) who had cardiac ischemia were examined by this method. Invasive (n=30) and MSCT (n=30) coronary angiography were performed in patients according to indications. Patients with coronary artery stenosis were conducted in ECG-gated myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with pharmacological stress test and a functional rest study. Computer processing of native images was carried out using special software which allowed for the reconstruction of static tomographic images without ECG-synchronization and 16 series of the tomographic images characterizing the myocardial perfusion at different phases of the cardiac cycle. Diastolic phase of cardiac circle was used for further analysis of myocardial perfusion. According to the results of invasive coronary angiography (n = 30) and MSCT (n = 12) patients were divided into two groups: group 1 included patients with CAD and the presence of coronary artery stenosis ≥ 70{\%} (n = 18); group 2 comprised patients with coronary artery stenosis < 70{\%} (n = 24). The sum of the stress scores of all segments (SSS) and extent of perfusion defects during stress test (Stress Extent) were determined from these values. Results. The average myocardial perfusion values in patients with coronary artery stenosis less than 70{\%} during the diastolic phase images were significantly lower than the corresponding values obtained without cardiac motion correction: SSS 5(3-7) and 6, 5(5-9), (p<0, 01); Stress Extent 9, 5{\%} (5, 5-17, 5{\%}) and 12{\%} (9-21, 5{\%}), (p<0, 01), respectively. The average myocardial perfusion values in patients with coronary artery stenosis more than 70{\%} in the diastole phase images were significantly higher than the corresponding values obtained without cardiac motion correction: SSS 23(19-31) and 21 (8-22), (p<0, 01); Stress Extent 44, 5(35-63) and 39{\%} (18-50{\%}), (p=0, 01), respectively. ROC analysis showed that the sensitivity and the specificity rates of MPS performed with cardiac motion correction were significantly (p < 0.05) higher compared with those obtained based on the assessment of summation images. Conclusion. The myocardial perfusion values obtained based on the analysis of enddiastolic series were significantly more informative then those obtained by the classical method in the diagnosis of angiographically significant (luminal narrowing ≥ 70{\%}) coronary artery stenosis. This method allows to reduce the rates of false positive and false negative MPS results and to provide more accurate diagnosis of hemodynamically significant stenosis of the coronary arteries.",
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T1 - The method for correction of motion artefacts to improve myocardial perfusion imaging

AU - Zavadovsky, K. V.

AU - Mishkina, A. I.

AU - Mochula, A. V.

AU - Lishmanov, Yu B.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Purpose. To develop and clinically approve method for correction of blurring artefacts of the left ventricle to improve single photon emission computed tomography of myocardial perfusion imaging. Materials and methods. A total of 42 patients (39 of patients were males and 3 of patients were females) who had cardiac ischemia were examined by this method. Invasive (n=30) and MSCT (n=30) coronary angiography were performed in patients according to indications. Patients with coronary artery stenosis were conducted in ECG-gated myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with pharmacological stress test and a functional rest study. Computer processing of native images was carried out using special software which allowed for the reconstruction of static tomographic images without ECG-synchronization and 16 series of the tomographic images characterizing the myocardial perfusion at different phases of the cardiac cycle. Diastolic phase of cardiac circle was used for further analysis of myocardial perfusion. According to the results of invasive coronary angiography (n = 30) and MSCT (n = 12) patients were divided into two groups: group 1 included patients with CAD and the presence of coronary artery stenosis ≥ 70% (n = 18); group 2 comprised patients with coronary artery stenosis < 70% (n = 24). The sum of the stress scores of all segments (SSS) and extent of perfusion defects during stress test (Stress Extent) were determined from these values. Results. The average myocardial perfusion values in patients with coronary artery stenosis less than 70% during the diastolic phase images were significantly lower than the corresponding values obtained without cardiac motion correction: SSS 5(3-7) and 6, 5(5-9), (p<0, 01); Stress Extent 9, 5% (5, 5-17, 5%) and 12% (9-21, 5%), (p<0, 01), respectively. The average myocardial perfusion values in patients with coronary artery stenosis more than 70% in the diastole phase images were significantly higher than the corresponding values obtained without cardiac motion correction: SSS 23(19-31) and 21 (8-22), (p<0, 01); Stress Extent 44, 5(35-63) and 39% (18-50%), (p=0, 01), respectively. ROC analysis showed that the sensitivity and the specificity rates of MPS performed with cardiac motion correction were significantly (p < 0.05) higher compared with those obtained based on the assessment of summation images. Conclusion. The myocardial perfusion values obtained based on the analysis of enddiastolic series were significantly more informative then those obtained by the classical method in the diagnosis of angiographically significant (luminal narrowing ≥ 70%) coronary artery stenosis. This method allows to reduce the rates of false positive and false negative MPS results and to provide more accurate diagnosis of hemodynamically significant stenosis of the coronary arteries.

AB - Purpose. To develop and clinically approve method for correction of blurring artefacts of the left ventricle to improve single photon emission computed tomography of myocardial perfusion imaging. Materials and methods. A total of 42 patients (39 of patients were males and 3 of patients were females) who had cardiac ischemia were examined by this method. Invasive (n=30) and MSCT (n=30) coronary angiography were performed in patients according to indications. Patients with coronary artery stenosis were conducted in ECG-gated myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with pharmacological stress test and a functional rest study. Computer processing of native images was carried out using special software which allowed for the reconstruction of static tomographic images without ECG-synchronization and 16 series of the tomographic images characterizing the myocardial perfusion at different phases of the cardiac cycle. Diastolic phase of cardiac circle was used for further analysis of myocardial perfusion. According to the results of invasive coronary angiography (n = 30) and MSCT (n = 12) patients were divided into two groups: group 1 included patients with CAD and the presence of coronary artery stenosis ≥ 70% (n = 18); group 2 comprised patients with coronary artery stenosis < 70% (n = 24). The sum of the stress scores of all segments (SSS) and extent of perfusion defects during stress test (Stress Extent) were determined from these values. Results. The average myocardial perfusion values in patients with coronary artery stenosis less than 70% during the diastolic phase images were significantly lower than the corresponding values obtained without cardiac motion correction: SSS 5(3-7) and 6, 5(5-9), (p<0, 01); Stress Extent 9, 5% (5, 5-17, 5%) and 12% (9-21, 5%), (p<0, 01), respectively. The average myocardial perfusion values in patients with coronary artery stenosis more than 70% in the diastole phase images were significantly higher than the corresponding values obtained without cardiac motion correction: SSS 23(19-31) and 21 (8-22), (p<0, 01); Stress Extent 44, 5(35-63) and 39% (18-50%), (p=0, 01), respectively. ROC analysis showed that the sensitivity and the specificity rates of MPS performed with cardiac motion correction were significantly (p < 0.05) higher compared with those obtained based on the assessment of summation images. Conclusion. The myocardial perfusion values obtained based on the analysis of enddiastolic series were significantly more informative then those obtained by the classical method in the diagnosis of angiographically significant (luminal narrowing ≥ 70%) coronary artery stenosis. This method allows to reduce the rates of false positive and false negative MPS results and to provide more accurate diagnosis of hemodynamically significant stenosis of the coronary arteries.

KW - CAD

KW - Motion artefacts

KW - Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy

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