This paper presents results of a study of the barrier effect in solid dielectrics in uniform and highly inhomogeneous electric fields. The influences of various factors such as mechanical strain, the position of the barrier in gap, space charge, the permittivity and the conductivity gradient both on the breakdown voltage (Vb) and breakdown time (τb) in the uniform field and on the tree-initiation time (τi) in the strongly inhomogeneous field were investigated. Application of barriers with high permittivity may result in a significant increase in τb not only by virtue of there being an increase in the tree-growth time (τb) but also because of an increase in τi. It was discovered that the re-distribution of the field in the sample volume at the stage of initiation of failure plays a major role in the barrier effect. An analysis of existing models of the barrier effect is presented.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)