The authors have synthesized nanofibrous aluminum oxyhydroxide (AlOOH), modified with different amounts of manganese ions (II), which is the precursor for methane deep oxidation catalysts. It was shown that the catalytic activity of the manganese-based system obtained depends on manganese amount and thermal activation conditions. It is approved that as the catalyst for deep oxidation of hydrocarbons the system with manganese content of 10.5 wt. % is the most perspective despite the fact that the oxidation rate of methane is lower in it than in the catalyst with Mn content of 5.7 wt. %. As opposed to the catalyst with Mn content of 5.7 wt. %., where the aluminium oxide is in metastable form (σ-Al2O3), the catalyst with manganese content of 10.5 wt. % contains in its structure a thermodynamically and thermally stable α-Al2O3 phase.