The method of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle synthesis by co-precipitation, modification by 3-aminopropylsilane and conjugation with pH-(low)-insertion peptide (pHLIP) is reported. The characterization of nanoparticles by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, elemental and thermogravimetric analyses as well as dynamic light scattering and z-potential measurements is provided. The effect of nanoparticles on the viability of mouse and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells is tested by flow cytometry. The experimental details of nanoparticle administration to tumor-bearing mice, magnetic resonance imaging scanning as well as subsequent tumor sample collection and their processing for transmission electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, histological and immunohistochemical analyses are described. Biodistribution of the nanoparticles in mice and blood serum analysis data for experimental animals are given. The data are useful for an experiment workflow design and for the development of theranostic systems based on magnetic nanoparticles.
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