Study the properties of activated carbon and oxyhydroxide aluminum as sorbents for removal humic substances from natural waters

L. N. Shiyan, K. I. Machekhina, E. N. Gryaznova

Результат исследований: Материалы для журналаСтатья

Аннотация

The present work relates to the problem of high-quality drinking water supply using processes of adsorption on activated carbon and aluminum oxyhydroxide for removal humic- type organic substances. Also the paper reports on sorbtion properties of the activeted carbon Norit SA UF and oxyhydroxide aluminum for removal humic substances. It was found out that the maximum adsorption capacity of activated carbon to organic substances is equal to 0.25 mg/mg and aluminum oxyhydroxide is equal to 0.3 mg/mg. It is shown that the maximum adsorption capacity of activated carbon Norit SA UF to iron (III) ions is equal to 0.0045 mg/mg and to silicon ions is equal to 0.024 mg/mg. Consequently, the aluminum oxyhydroxide has better adsorption characteristics in comparison with the activated carbon for removal of humic substances, iron and silicon ions. It is associated with the fact that activated carbon has a large adsorption surface, and this is due to its porous structure, but not all molecules can enter into these pores. Therefore, the fibrous structure of aluminum oxyhydroxide promotes better sorption capacity. The presented results suggest that activated carbon Norit SA UF and aluminum oxyhydroxide can be used as sorbents for removal humic substances or other organic substances from groundwater and natural waters.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Номер статьи012097
ЖурналIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Том110
Номер выпуска1
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 23 фев 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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