Rotor rotation with liquid layer on the chamber wall under viscoelastic action of the shaft within a planar model is examined in the article. The solution to the problem of determining the deflection of a rotating shaft with liquid filled chamber is given, which is important when designing an automatic balancing device. The issue of the cooperative motion of a solid body and liquid is considered in mathematical research. The set task is performed by applying D'Alembert's principle. The modeling results indicate that an increase in liquid’s mass in a rotor decreases its critical rotation speed; at the same time, the external friction accelerates the system’s self-centering. The developed mathematical models enable us to select the design parameters of a liquid-type autobalancer which operates within the set range of rotor’s angular velocity.