The design of smart surfaces with externally triggerable water/oil wettability and adhesion represents one of the most up-to-date challenges in the field of material science. In this work, the intelligent surface with electrically triggerable wettability and water/oil adhesion is presented. As a basic material background exhibiting electric field (EF) sensitivity, the piezo-responsive polymethylmethacrylate/polyvinylidenefluoride polymer fibers were used. To expand the available range of water/oil contact angles (CAs) and adhesion, the fibers were grafted with hydrophilic or hydrophobic functional groups using diazonium chemistry. The fiber functionality was evaluated using the static CA and wettability hysteresis measurements (increasing/decreasing drop volume and tilting angles), drops adhesion/repellence and graphite self-cleaning test performed with and without the application of EF. It was found that the proposed method enables tuning the surface wettability in the superhydrophobic/superoleophobic-hydrophilic/oleophilic range and changing of surface properties from low adhesive to high adhesive for water and oil. More convincing results were achieved in the case of fiber surface modification by ADT-C8F17, which may result from a rearrangement of the grated -C6H4C8F17 functional group under the application of EF triggering. Moreover, the triggering which can be performed in the extremely fast way (the surface responds to the EF switching on/off in seconds) was found to be fully reversible. Finally, the additional tests indicate the satisfactory stability of created fiber-based coating against the mechanical treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)