It has recently been demonstrated experimentally that 200-300 keV electrons with the unusual spatial profiles can be produced and even focused to a subnanometer scale - namely, electrons carrying nonzero orbital angular momentum and also the so-called Airy beams. Since the wave functions of such electrons do not represent plane waves, the standard Born formula for scattering of them off a potential field is no longer applicable and, hence, needs modification. In the present paper, we address the generic problem of elastic scattering of a wave packet of a fast nonrelativistic particle off a potential field. We obtain simple and convenient formulas for a number of events and an effective cross section in such a scattering, which represent generalization of the Born formula for a case when finite sizes and spatial inhomogeneity of the initial packet should be taken into account. As a benchmark, we consider two simple models corresponding to scattering of a Gaussian wave packet on a Gaussian potential and on a hydrogen atom, and perform a detailed analysis of the effects brought about by the limited sizes of the incident beam and by the finite impact parameter between the potential center and the packet's axis.
|Журнал||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 4 ноя 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics