Среднеквадратичные отклонения атомов - Наномасштабный индикатор состояния поверхности

Результат исследований: Материалы для журналаСтатьярецензирование

Аннотация

The study relevance is associated with the need of increasing the reliability of welded joints in steam power plants, hence with a rational use of product materials due to improvement and development of methods for studying the physical characteristics. Purpose of the study is to introduce the new nanoscale structural criteria of the third kind to assess the surface condition. Object of the study is specimens of heat-resistant steel tubular heating surfaces of steam boilers. Methods include physical modeling of operating conditions by thermal cycling in the MIMP-10UE electric furnace, cyclic cold deformation by means of a hydraulic press, roentgenometry of specimens with evaluation of the root-mean-square deviations and internal structural stresses using the DRON X-ray diffractometers, analysis of surface morphology with the portable electron microscope PENSCKOPE with 20x magnification. Results. Experimental studies, related to quantitative evaluation of the amplitude of atomic vibration and its evolution during cyclic thermal and mechanical loads, resulted in introduction of a new diagnostic parameter - the amplitude of atomic vibration 2, reflecting the fundamental nature of interatomic bonds. Correlation between the root-mean-square deviations of atoms (the microscale level of properties), which are the microstructural characteristics of the third kind, and the macromechanical characteristics 0.2 and (the macroscale level of properties) was demonstrated. As the offset yield point and ultimate strength point are related to strength and breaking, then the root-mean-square deviations of atoms can be used as an indicator for damage and an indicator of limit states. The parameter 2 can also be a characteristic of the current physical state of metal. The new method for assessment of current and limit states was suggested. It was shown that structure restoration is monitored at the atomic microscale level, using the vibration amplitude and the stresses of the first kind.

Переведенное названиеRoot-mean-square deviations of atomic positions - Nanoscale indicator of surface condition
Язык оригиналаРусский
Страницы (с-по)37-47
Число страниц11
ЖурналBulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering
Том331
Номер выпуска11
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2020

Keywords

  • Cyclic mechanical deformation
  • Heating surface
  • Internal stresses of the first kind
  • Root-mean-square deviations
  • Steel
  • Thermal cycling
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economic Geology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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