Search and synthesis of glucose derivatives for nuclear medicine is of great current interest. Being a promising analogue of glucose, D-glucosamine iodine labeled glucose derivatives can be applied in rheumatoid arthritis radionuclide diagnostics and therapy as a radiopharmaceutical. The purpose of the study. Synthesis of a new iodine labeled D-glucosamine derivative; development of the iodine-123 labeling method and the obtained glucose derivative biostudy. Materials and methods. Synthesis of 2-N-(6-iodohexanoyl)-D-glucosamine was carried out through established techniques in organic chemistry. Infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy were used to establish the test compound structure. Isotope change between iodine-127 and iodine-123 of glucosamine derivative was conducted using the heating of mix of the compound and Na123I in acetone. The radio-TLC method was applied to estimate the radiochemical purity of 2-N- (6-iod-123-hexanoyl) -D-glucosamine. The safe application and test of drug pharmacokinetic parameters study was performed on intact Wistar male rats. Results. An original 2-N-(6-iodohexanoyl)-D-glucosamine synthesis method was proposed. According to the method, an intermediate synthesis succimide-1-yl 6-iodohexanoate was obtained by the cyclohexanone oxidative cleavage reaction. The radiochemical purity of 2-N-(6-iodo-123-hexanoyl)-D-glucosamine was more than 97%. Conclusion. 2-N-(6-iodohexanoyl)-D-glucosamine was synthesized and iodine-123 labeled. When investigating the proposed radiopharmaceutical safety and pharmacokinetics, it was shown the drug lacks acute toxicity through intravenous injection and is excreted renally by glomerular filtration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine