Porous piezoelectric ceramics with 3-3-connectivity fabricated by impregnation of cellulose paper structures

Franziska Eichhorn, Alexander Stenzel, Bastian Weisenseel, Nahum Travitzky, Ken ichi Kakimoto, Peter Greil, Tobias Fey

Результат исследований: Материалы для журналаСтатья

6 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

Porous piezoelectric ceramics with an interconnecting pore network (3-3 piezoceramic-air-composites) are a compromising material for sensor applications. Using a biomorphous approach with pre-pyrolysed cellulose fiber paper as template for the impregnation process leads to a novel porous piezoelectric ceramic with a fiber microstructure and benefits on easy shaping of complex structures and high porosity (∼90 vol%). The templates were impregnated by a non-aqueous lead zirconate titanate (PZT) slurry (solid fracture of 52.3%). After residual slurry and binder removal and cellulose/carbon burn-out, sintering was carried out at 1150 °C. Microstructure and composition analyses were done by µCT (“Skyscan 1172”, Bruker), SEM (FESEM, Helios NanoLab 600i FIB Workstation, FEI) and X-ray diffraction measurements (Kristalloflex D500, Siemens AG) evaluation. Geometric density decreased by 30% compared to dense PZT (as reference) a porosity increased from 2.4% up to 86%. The piezoelectric properties as d33, relative permittivity and d31 (measured by “Piezo-Meter PM 300″, Piezo Test) decreased up to 99%.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Страницы (с-по)158-161
Число страниц4
ЖурналMaterials Letters
Том206
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 ноя 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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