The paper presents results of an experimental study of the suppression of thermal decomposition of forest fuel (FF) due to formation of a thin surface water film (3 mm thick). The investigations were carried out with birch leaves, as well as a mixture of birch leaves, pine needles, and twigs of aspen. The experiments involved model bases of fire of the above FFs in the form of cylinders. The cylinders were 20 mm to 60 mm in diameter and 40 mm to 100 mm high. The effect of water on the FFs was monitored via high-speed (up to 105 frames per second) video recording and fast (a thermal lag of less than 1 s) thermal transducers. The times of termination of FF thermal decomposition and the minimum (required) volumes of water were determined. The feasibility of complete suppression of the FF thermal decomposition process due to formation of a thin surface water film (10–15 times thicker than the reacted material) was experimentally supported. The foundations of the physical model of a complex of processes that occur owing to the water film effect on the forest fuel heated to a high temperature (well above the point of thermal decomposition) were formulated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Modelling and Simulation
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology