GSK3B, BDNF, NGF, NRG1, HTR2C, and PIP4K2A play important roles in molecular mechanisms of psychiatric disorders. GSK3B occupies a central position in these molecular mechanisms and is also modulated by psychotropic drugs. BDNF regulates a number of key aspects in neurodevelopment and synaptic plasticity. NGF exerts a trophic action and is implicated in cerebral alterations associated with psychiatric disorders. NRG1 is active in neural development, synaptic plasticity, and neurotransmission. HTR2C is another important psychopharmacological target. PIP4K2A catalyzes the phosphorylation of PI5P to form PIP2, the latter being implicated in various aspects of neuronal signal transduction. In the present study, the six genes were sequenced in a cohort of 19 patients with bipolar affective disorder, 41 patients with recurrent depressive disorder, and 55 patients with depressive episode. The study revealed a number of genetic variants associated with antidepressant treatment response, time to recurrence of episodes, and depression severity. Namely, alleles of rs35641374 and rs10508649 (NRG1 and PIP4K2A) may be prognostic biomarkers of time to recurrence of depressive and manic/mixed episodes among patients with bipolar affective disorder. Alleles of NC_000008.11:g.32614509_32614510del, rs61731109, and rs10508649 (also NRG1 and PIP4K2A) seem to be predictive biomarkers of response to pharmacological antidepressant treatment on the 28th day assessed by the HDRS-17 or CGI-I scale. In particular, the allele G of rs10508649 (PIP4K2A) may increase resistance to antidepressant treatment and be at the same time protective against recurrent manic/mixed episodes. These results support previous data indicating a biological link between resistance to antidepressant treatment and mania. Bioinformatic functional annotation of associated variants revealed possible impact for transcriptional regulation of PIP4K2A. In addition, the allele A of rs2248440 (HTR2C) may be a prognostic biomarker of depression severity. This allele decreases expression of the neighboring immune system gene IL13RA2 in the putamen according to the GTEx portal. The variant rs2248440 is near rs6318 (previously associated with depression and effects of psychotropic drugs) that is an eQTL for the same gene and tissue. Finally, the study points to several protein interactions relevant in the pathogenesis of mood disorders. Functional studies using cellular or animal models are warranted to support these results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine