This review describes recent results regarding voltammetric and amperometric determination of submicromolar concentrations of various environmentally important biologically active organic substances using nontraditional types of electrodes either in batch analysis or in flow liquid systems (especially HPLC or FIA with electrochemical detection). Attention is paid to solid amalgam electrodes (environmentally friendly alternatives to mercury electrodes), to carbon paste electrodes with easily renewable surface, to boron doped diamond film electrodes with very low noise and broad potential window, and to inexpensive solid composite electrodes with high signal-to-noise ratio, compatibility with organic solvents and easy mechanical or electrochemical pretreatment. The review concentrates on our own results in the context of the general development in the filed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry