This review summarizes Russian developments on the most important industrial processes of hydrocarbon feedstock refining according to the data of the last 15-20 years on the kinetics of deactivation of heterogeneous and liquid-phase catalysts under non-stationary conditions. The methodological aspects of the creation and application of kinetic models for the deactivation of heterogeneous and liquid-phase catalysts under non-stationary conditions are considered. It is shown that high efficiency of catalytic technologies is ensured by regulation of hydrodynamic and thermal conditions of industrial processes of gasoline reforming, alkane dehydrogenation, alkylation of benzene with higher alkenes and catalytic dewaxing using kinetic models, which take into account catalyst deactivation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)