In this work, we present the method for the creation of an anisotropic electric pattern on thin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) films through PSS grafting by azo-containing moieties followed by light-induced polymers redistribution. Thin PEDOT:PSS films were deposited on the flexible and biodegradable polylactic acid (PLLA) substrates. The light-sensitive azo-groups were grafted to PSS using the diazonium chemistry followed by annealing in methanol. Local illumination of azo-grafted PEDOT:PSS films through the lithographic mask led to the conversion of azo-moieties in Z-configuration and further creation of the lateral gradient of azo-isomers along the film surface. The concentration gradient led to the migration of PSS away from the illuminated area, increasing the PEDOT chains' concentration and the corresponding increase of local electrical conductivity in the illuminated place. Utilization of mask with linear pattern results in the appearance of conductive PEDOT-rich and non-conductive PSS-rich lines on the film surface, and final, lateral anisotropy of electric properties. Our work gives an optical lithography-based alternative to common methods for the creation of anisotropic electric properties, based on the spatial confinement of conductive polymer structures or their mechanical strains.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Polymers and Plastics