Relativistic electron beam generation studies have been carried out in LIA-400 system through explosive electron emission for various cathode materials. This paper presents the emission properties of different cathode materials at peak diode voltages varying from 10 to 220 kV and at peak current levels from 0.5 to 2.2 kA in a single pulse duration of 160-180 ns. The cathode materials used are graphite, stainless steel, and red polymer velvet. The perveance data calculated from experimental waveforms are compared with 1-D Child Langmuir formula to obtain the cathode plasma expansion velocity for various cathode materials. Various diode parameters are subject to shot to shot variation analysis. Velvet cathode proves to be the best electron emitter because of its lower plasma expansion velocity and least shot to shot variability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics