This study is based on the analysis of a set of industrial sectors (coal processing, wood processing, transport, oil, and water treatment) in order to identify the amount and type of combustible waste suitable for incineration. The main ignition and combustion parameters of these wastes have been experimentally obtained from their direct individual incineration in the original form and as part of a slurry based on wastewater. It has been established that a set of parameters allow waste-derived fuel mixtures to compete with coal dust and fuel oil with an environmental advantage. In particular, the concentration of sulfur and nitrogen oxides in the combustion products of all the tested slurries is 1.5–3 times as low as that of coal dust. Most of the wastes in question do not provide such advantages when burnt individually. We have assessed the fire safety of fuel mixtures and analyzed the prospects of mass waste incineration technologies. The calculations show that about 14–20% of coal and oil can be saved annually by extensively involving industrial waste in the energy sector. The experimental results obtained are the basis for the development of useful technologies for the safe and efficient combustion of waste from different industries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)