Effect of multivalent cations, temperature, and aging on SOM thermal properties

Dörte Diehl, Jette Schwarz, Marc O. Goebel, Susanne K. Woche, Tatjana Schneckenburger, Jaane Krüger, Anastasia Shchegolikhina, Bernd Marschner, Friederike Lang, Sören Thiele-Bruhn, Jörg Bachmann, Gabriele E. Schaumann

Результат исследований: Материалы для журналаСтатьярецензирование

9 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

Multivalent cations are suggested to influence the supramolecular structure of soil organic matter (SOM) via inter- and intra-molecular interactions with SOM functional groups. In this study, we tested the combined effect of cations, temperature treatment, and isothermal aging on SOM matrix properties. Samples from a peat and a mineral soil were either enriched with Na, Ca, and Al or desalinated in batch experiments. After treatment at 25, 40, 60, and 105 °C and after different periods of aging at 19 °C and 31 % relative humidity, we investigated the physicochemical matrix stability and the thermal stability against combustion. We hypothesized that multivalent cations stabilize the SOM matrix, that these structures disrupt at elevated temperatures, and that aging leads to an increase in matrix stability. The results show that cation-specific effects on matrix rigidity started to evolve in the peat only after 8 weeks of aging and were significantly lower than the temperature effects. Temperature treatment above 40 °C caused a non (or not immediately) reversible loss of water molecule bridges (WaMB) and above 60 °C a partly reversible melting process probably of semi-crystalline poly(methylene). Thermal stability increased with increasing cation valence and degree of protonation and was much less affected by temperature. Generally, Na-treated and control samples revealed lower thermal stability and lower increase in matrix rigidity with aging than those treated with Ca, Al, and H. We conclude that drying at elevated temperatures (>40 °C) may irreversibly change SOM structure via disruption of labile cross-links and melting of semi-crystalline domains.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Страницы (с-по)1203-1213
Число страниц11
ЖурналJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Том118
Номер выпуска2
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 30 июл 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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