This paper reports significant results about the effects of repeated treatments to protect a mediaeval Italian mortar from capillarity-absorbed water, by using for the treatments, our no-commercial hydro-alcoholic suspensions of calcium hydroxide nanoparticles (nanolime). The mortars samples came from the historical site, where preliminary thermographic inspection were performed to detect the damp zones. Before treatments, the samples were analyzed from a mineralogical and chemical point of view, by means of several techniques, as optical microscopy (OM), thin section observations (PFM), porosimetric investigations, X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and thermal analysis (TG-DTA). The size-grading curve of the aggregate and the binder/aggregate ratio were examined too. Then, the efficacy of nanolime protective treatments on this mortar versus the nanolime concentrations was investigated. For this aim, capillarity tests as well as porosimetric investigations, before and after the treatments, were performed. The obtained results were remarkably promising both in terms of the reduction of water absorbed by capillarity (up to 60%) together with an adequate decrease of porosity (up to 23%), fixing the protective effect of such eco-friendly and very compatible approach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)