Aim. The study of efficacy of rehabilitation and clinical-instrumental characteristics of coronary failure in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) of high functional classes and moderate dyslipoproteinemia early (1.6 months) and late (1 and 3 years) after coronary by-pass operation. Materials and methods. The examination covered 119 males with IHD (mean age 51.8 ± 6.9 years) 1.6 months and 3 years after coronary by-pass operation. Lipid spectrum of blood plasm, frequency of anginal attacks, 24-h nitroglycerin requirement, results of bicycle exercise and loading myocardial scintigraphy were assessed. The patients were divided into two groups. In 82 patients of group I total cholesterol ranged within 3 years after the surgery from 5.2 to 6.5 mmol/l, 37 patients of group 2 had no lipid disorders. Results, Within 12 months after direct myocardial revascularization, the groups had similar clinical-instrumental characteristics. 3 years after the operation, patients of group 1 exhibited a rise in anginal attacks frequency, nitroglycerin requirement, size of unstable perfusion defects by 84.6, 88.8 and 26.4%, respectively. Exercise tolerance diminished by 18.7%. Conclusion. Moderate defects in lipid metabolism influence progression of coronary failure. This becomes especially pronounced within 3 years after coronary by-pass operation.
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism