Условия совместного удаления соединений кремния и гуминовых веществ из природных вод в присутствии продуктов термической обработки магнезита

Результат исследования: Материалы для журналаСтатья

Аннотация

The relevance. Ground sources of drinking water supply in the West Siberian region are characterized by high content of iron ions, sili' cate ions and organic substances of humus origin. These impurities lead to formation of a stable colloidal system. When using water as a cooler and in heating systems, silicate deposits are formed on the surface of the pipes, due to the ability of silicic acid to form insolu' ble compounds with calcium and magnesium cations, as well as with aluminum, iron and sodium cations. The combined presence of si' licates and organic impurities reduces the effectiveness of existing water purification technologies. The aim of the research is to study the conditions of formation of silicon compounds with humic substances and the kinetics of interac' tion with caustic magnesite. Objects of research are natural waters and model solutions containing silicon compounds and dissolved humic substances, natural caus' tic magnesite. Methods: photocolorimeter, pH'meter, titrometry, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICAP'6000). Results. The authors have established the concentration ratio of silicate ions/humic substances in which colloidal particles are formed at concentrations of silicate ions 20 mg/L and humic substances 80 mg/L at pH=5…9. The size of the resulting colloidal particles is 200 nm, and the value of 'potential is –38 mV. It is shown that in the range of рН values from 7,0 to 10 the colloidal compounds are stable. When using caustic magnesite as a precipitant reagent, the interaction in the «silicate–humic substances» system proceeds in two sta' ges, which determine the technological feasibility of simultaneous removal of silicates and humic substances from water.

Язык оригиналаРусский
Страницы (с... по...)145-152
Количество страниц8
ЖурналBulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering
Том330
Номер выпуска1
DOI
Статус публикацииОпубликовано - 1 янв 2019

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Keywords

  • Caustic magnesite
  • Natural water
  • Organic'mineral substances
  • Particle size
  • Silicon compounds
  • Water purification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economic Geology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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