Hyperprolactinemia (HPRL) is considered to be a frequent and typical adverse drug reaction caused by antipsychotic medications first and foremost due to excessive dopamine D2 receptors blockade. The aim is to study the set of polymorphisms of genes encoding neurotransmitter synthesis and metabolism enzymes COMT, TPH1 and TPH2 in schizophrenia inpatients. A comprehensive examination of 446 schizophrenia inpatients, aged 18-75 years, was conducted. Genotyping of DNA samples in patients with or without HPRL was carried out for 14 polymorphisms of COMT, TPH1, and TPH2 genes. We revealed an association between carriership of the COMT rs165774* G allele and HPRL. As a result of the study, a regression model was designed to predict the risk of developing HPRL in schizophrenia inpatients, taking into account age, gender, and treatment duration, the dosage of drugs in chlorpromazine equivalents as independent covariates and genotypes of the studied polymorphisms.