Composition and structure of composite coatings based on metal oxides and polytetrafluoroethylenedeposited under conditions of electron-initiated endothermic processes

A. P. Surzhikov, N. V. Chicherina, A. V. Rogachev, M. A. Yarmolenko, A. S. Rudenkov, A. A. Rogachev, Wang Jicheng

Результат исследований: Материалы для журналаСтатьярецензирование

Аннотация

In this article features of physicochemical processes initiated by the low-energy electron flow between the components of the target based on nitrates of metals and metals, their influence on the kinetics of the formation of volatile products, the chemical composition and structure of the deposited coatings are established. When electrons act on a mixture of aluminum nitrate and dispersed aluminum, zinc oxide coatings containing zinc nanorods are formed. The impact of the electron flow on a mechanical mixture of powders of iron nitrate and dispersed aluminum is accompanied by explosive evaporation of the target, and a large number of microdroplet formations deposited at the final stage of exothermic reactions in the surface layers of the target are fixed on the surface of the coating containing oxides and metal nanoparticles. The features of the structure and chemical composition of coatings deposited from the volatile products of electron beam dispersion of a mechanical mixture of polytetrafluoroethylene, iron nitrate, and aluminum are determined. It is shown that under such conditions of generation of the gas phase, coatings are formed consisting of a polymer matrix and containing particles of oxide, a free metal, and a certain amount of the initial undecomposed salt. The result of exothermic reactions in the crucible is partial defluorination and increased defectiveness of the molecular structure of the fluoroplastic matrix.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Страницы (с-по)31-38
Число страниц8
ЖурналEurasian Physical Technical Journal
Том17
Номер выпуска2
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Energy(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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