This experimental research studies co-combustion of wet coal processing waste (filter cakes) with typical municipal solid waste (wood, rubber, plastic, cardboard) and used turbine oil, as combustible components of composite liquid fuel. Ignition mechanisms and characteristics of single droplets of three fuel composition groups have been investigated in a motionless heated air with using a high-speed video recording system. Analyzing video frames, a physical model of the process under study was developed. The values of the guaranteed ignition delay times have been determined for three fuel groups with different compositions at the ambient temperature 600–1,000 °C. The minimum values of ignition delay times are about 3 s, the maximum ones are about 25 s. In addition to the established difference in the ignition delay times, the various fuel compositions also differ in combustion temperatures. Maximum values reaching 1,300 °C for compositions with 10% of used oil. It has also been determined that fuels with municipal solid waste are notable for lower nitrogen and sulfur oxide concentrations in flue gases as compared to filter cakes in initial state. Adding used oil to such fuel compositions increases the anthropogenic emissions but these worsening environmental characteristics do not exceed the regulated allowable limits of pollutants for solid fossil fuel combustion by thermal power plants. The obtained results are the backbone for the development of an environmentally friendly, cost- and energy-efficient co-combustion technology for municipal solid waste recovery by burning it as part of composite fuels, e.g., in boiler furnaces instead of coal.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis