Chemical post-treatment and thermoelectric properties of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxylthiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) thin films

Jinji Luo, Detlef Billep, Thomas Blaudeck, Evgeniya Sheremet, Raul D. Rodriguez, Dietrich R.T. Zahn, Marius Toader, Michael Hietschold, Thomas Otto, Thomas Gessner

Результат исследований: Материалы для журналаСтатьярецензирование

42 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

We report on the modification of the thermoelectric properties of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxylthiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) thin films by means of a simple post treatment of the solid thin films realized by drop-coating. We show that the organic polar solvents, dimethyl sulfoxide and ethylene glycol as secondary dopants for PEDOT:PSS, only affect the film morphology for which a high electrical conductivity is observed. In contrast, ethanolamine (MEA) and ammonia solutions are reduction agents that improve the density of PEDOT chains in the reduced forms (polaron and neutral states), resulting in the trade-off between Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity. Furthermore, we show that the nature of amines determines the reduction degree: the nitrogen lone pair electrons in MEA are easier to be donated than those in ammonia solution and will therefore neutralize the PEDOT chains.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Номер статьи054908
ЖурналJournal of Applied Physics
Том115
Номер выпуска5
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2014
Опубликовано для внешнего пользованияДа

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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