This paper summarizes the challenges of identifying planetary-origin meteorites of non-igneous composition - particularly those of sedimentary origin. Evidence for putative sedimentary-origin (sed-type) meteorites and their potential parent bodies is reviewed, suggesting that the list of candidate parent bodies for sed-type meteorites includes, but is not limited to, Mars, Enceladus, Ganymede, Europa, Ceres, Vesta, and other hypothetical planets that existed between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter in the past. The extraterrestrial origin and probable parent body for sed-type meteorites should be assessed based on multiple lines of evidence, and not solely limited to tests of oxygen and noble gas isotopes, whose signatures may undergo terrestrial contamination and which may exhibit significant heterogeneity within both the Solar System and parent cosmic bodies. The observed fall of a cosmic body, evidence of hypervelocity fall, signs of impact, presence of fusion crust, melting, and/or shock deformation features in impactor fragments should be considered as priority signs of meteoritic origin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)