A novel hydrogen sulfide-releasing N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist prevents ischemic neuronal death

Eizo Marutani, Shizuko Kosugi, Kentaro Tokuda, Ashok Khatri, Rebecca Nguyen, Dmitriy N. Atochin, Kotaro Kida, Klaus Van Leyen, Ken Arai, Fumito Ichinose

Результат исследований: Материалы для журналаСтатьярецензирование

53 Цитирования (Scopus)


Physiological levels of H2S exert neuroprotective effects, whereas high concentrations of H2S may cause neurotoxicity in part via activation ofNMDAR.To characterize the neuroprotective effects of combination of exogenous H2S and NMDAR antagonism, we synthesized a novel H2S-releasing NMDAR antagonist N-((1r,3R,5S,7r)-3,5- dimethyladamantan-1-yl)-4-(3-thioxo-3H-1,2-dithiol-4-yl)-benzamide (S-memantine) and examined its effects in vitro and in vivo. S-memantine was synthesized by chemically combining a slow releasing H2S donor 4-(3-thioxo-3H-1,2- dithiol-4-yl)-benzoic acid (ACS48) with a NMDAR antagonist memantine. S-memantine increased intracellular sulfide levels in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) 10-fold as high as that was achieved by ACS48. Incubation with S-memantine after reoxygenation following oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) protected SH-SY5Y cells and murine primary cortical neurons more markedly than did ACS48 or memantine. Glutamate-induced intracellular calcium accumulation in primary cortical neurons were aggravated by sodium sulfide (Na2S) or ACS48, but suppressed by memantine and S-memantine. S-memantine prevented glutamate-induced glutathione depletion in SH-SY5Y cells more markedly than did Na2S or ACS48. Administration of S-memantine after global cerebral ischemia and reperfusion more robustly decreased cerebral infarct volume and improved survival and neurological function of mice than did ACS48 or memantine. These results suggest that an H2S-releasing NMDAR antagonist derivative S-memantine prevents ischemic neuronal death, providing a novel therapeutic strategy for ischemic brain injury.

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
Страницы (с-по)32124-32135
Число страниц12
ЖурналJournal of Biological Chemistry
Номер выпуска38
СостояниеОпубликовано - 14 сен 2012
Опубликовано для внешнего пользованияДа

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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