One of the problems associated with the integration of renewable energy sources is reducing the total inertia of the electric power system. By substituting the traditional synchronous generators to wind turbines connected to a network via power electronics devices the system the inertia constant is sharply reduced. In addition, the inertia of the system changes over time due to the wind turbine power change. Systems with lower inertia in the serious faults incident loses its stability easier. The question of the reduction of energy system inertia influence on the out-of-step mode parameters is not answered yet. Authors created a grid test model using software-hardware hybrid simulation tool HRTSim. The several experiments to determine the influence of type 4 wind turbine on the parameters of the out-of-step mode is realized. The oscillograms confirming the influence of the wind turbine on the parameters of the out-of-step mode are obtained. Problems of the influence of changes in the inertia of the power system during the integration of type 4 wind turbines on the parameters of the out-of-step mode are considered. The international experience in this field is analysed. The results of the analysis confirmed the insufficient study of this field and the almost complete lack of information about this in the grid codes of foreign countries. The experiments confirmed the theoretical expectation: the higher inertia induction stroke starts later, and the frequency slip is decreased.
- Out-of-step mode
- Wind turbine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering