Waste cutters utilization in underground coal mining

Sergey Prokopenko, Alexey Vorobiev, Lyudmila Andreeva, Juraj Janočko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

With increasing depth of underground mining and complexity of mining and geological conditions, the number of wasted cutting tools increases. Increased rock hardness in coal-, ore-, salt-, gypsum and other mines leads to an increased number of cutters worn out during the operation of shearers and road headers. A lot of wasted cutters are piled up in mines. Research has shown that mainly a cutter head is worn, and up to 70-80% of the tool retains its shape almost unchanged. Reusability of a significant part of wasted cutters is proved. Design of a composite cutter providing its multiple uses and reducing wastes in underground coal mining is presented. An engineering solution on remanufacturing and reusing wasted cutters piled up in mines is suggested. This requires pre-sorting of waste and selection of suitable cutters to repair. Then, a deformed head of each worn cutter is removed, and an axial bore is drilled in the cutter tail. A replaceable cutting head is turned from a metal bar and is equipped with a carbide tip. The operating head is secured into the holder made of the worn-out tool. A shape and a mechanism of the operating head attachment ensuring the reliability of the connection are designed. Such cutter is reusable and can be mounted on combines. Industrial tests of the composite cutter in mines showed good results: one holder served as the basis for the operation of nine operating heads, and it was not required to purchase nine traditional full-size cutters. The solution reduces metal consumption by five times and ensures a significant reduction in purchase costs (up to 1.5-1.7 times), thus improving the resource efficiency of coal mining.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages9
JournalActa Montanistica Slovaca
Volume23
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

coal mining
Coal mines
Metals
Lead mines
multiple use
metal
Calcium Sulfate
sorting
Coal
gypsum
repair
hardness
Gypsum
Composite materials
Reusability
Cutting tools
Sorting
Ores
Carbides
coal

Keywords

  • Combine
  • Cutter
  • Mine
  • Operating head
  • Resource efficiency
  • Utilisation
  • Waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Prokopenko, S., Vorobiev, A., Andreeva, L., & Janočko, J. (2018). Waste cutters utilization in underground coal mining. Acta Montanistica Slovaca, 23(1), 81-89.

Waste cutters utilization in underground coal mining. / Prokopenko, Sergey; Vorobiev, Alexey; Andreeva, Lyudmila; Janočko, Juraj.

In: Acta Montanistica Slovaca, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 81-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Prokopenko, S, Vorobiev, A, Andreeva, L & Janočko, J 2018, 'Waste cutters utilization in underground coal mining', Acta Montanistica Slovaca, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 81-89.
Prokopenko S, Vorobiev A, Andreeva L, Janočko J. Waste cutters utilization in underground coal mining. Acta Montanistica Slovaca. 2018 Jan 1;23(1):81-89.
Prokopenko, Sergey ; Vorobiev, Alexey ; Andreeva, Lyudmila ; Janočko, Juraj. / Waste cutters utilization in underground coal mining. In: Acta Montanistica Slovaca. 2018 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 81-89.
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