Using the Isopiestic Method to Study Hygroscopic Properties of Soluble Solutes

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Hygroscopic properties of a soluble crystalline solid are determined by the water activity of the saturated solution that is present on the crystal surface of the substance. If the substance contains impurities, then they are also found in the saturated solution and affect the solution’s water activity and, consequently, the hygroscopic properties of the substance. The isopiestic method is used to determine water activities of solutions and, thus, is a universal and accurate technique for examining the hygroscopic properties of substances. This review paper considers the specific requirements for the isopiestic method when used to study the hygroscopicity of substances. Additionally, it provides recommendations with regard to the device and appropriate methods for the processing and presentation of research results. The effect of heterogeneous soluble impurities on the hygroscopic properties of solids was studied. It is demonstrated that isopiestic investigations of concentrated and saturated solutions can be applied to study the hygroscopic properties of pure solids, and to evaluate the effect of impurities on the hygroscopic properties of substances.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Solution Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019

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solutes
Impurities
Water
impurities
Wettability
hygroscopicity
water
crystal surfaces
recommendations
Crystalline materials
Equipment and Supplies
Crystals
requirements
Processing
Research

Keywords

  • Effect of impurities
  • Hygroscopic properties
  • Isopiestic method
  • Water vapor sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Using the Isopiestic Method to Study Hygroscopic Properties of Soluble Solutes",
abstract = "Hygroscopic properties of a soluble crystalline solid are determined by the water activity of the saturated solution that is present on the crystal surface of the substance. If the substance contains impurities, then they are also found in the saturated solution and affect the solution’s water activity and, consequently, the hygroscopic properties of the substance. The isopiestic method is used to determine water activities of solutions and, thus, is a universal and accurate technique for examining the hygroscopic properties of substances. This review paper considers the specific requirements for the isopiestic method when used to study the hygroscopicity of substances. Additionally, it provides recommendations with regard to the device and appropriate methods for the processing and presentation of research results. The effect of heterogeneous soluble impurities on the hygroscopic properties of solids was studied. It is demonstrated that isopiestic investigations of concentrated and saturated solutions can be applied to study the hygroscopic properties of pure solids, and to evaluate the effect of impurities on the hygroscopic properties of substances.",
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AB - Hygroscopic properties of a soluble crystalline solid are determined by the water activity of the saturated solution that is present on the crystal surface of the substance. If the substance contains impurities, then they are also found in the saturated solution and affect the solution’s water activity and, consequently, the hygroscopic properties of the substance. The isopiestic method is used to determine water activities of solutions and, thus, is a universal and accurate technique for examining the hygroscopic properties of substances. This review paper considers the specific requirements for the isopiestic method when used to study the hygroscopicity of substances. Additionally, it provides recommendations with regard to the device and appropriate methods for the processing and presentation of research results. The effect of heterogeneous soluble impurities on the hygroscopic properties of solids was studied. It is demonstrated that isopiestic investigations of concentrated and saturated solutions can be applied to study the hygroscopic properties of pure solids, and to evaluate the effect of impurities on the hygroscopic properties of substances.

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