Typology of Fatigue by Heart Rate Variability Analysis in Elite Nordic-skiers

L. Schmitt, J. Regnard, A. L. Parmentier, F. Mauny, L. Mourot, N. Coulmy, G. P. Millet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated changes in heart rate variability (HRV) in elite Nordic-skiers to characterize different types of fatigue in 27 men and 30 women surveyed from 2004 to 2008. R-R intervals were recorded at rest during 8 min supine (SU) followed by 7 min standing (ST). HRV parameters analysed were powers of low (LF), high (HF) frequencies, (LF+HF) (ms2) and heart rate (HR, bpm). In the 1 063 HRV tests performed, 172 corresponded to a fatigue state and the first were considered for analysis. 4 types of fatigue (F) were identified: 1. F(HF-LF-)SU-ST for 42 tests: decrease in LFSU (- 46%), HFSU (- 70%), LFST (- 43%), HFST (- 53%) and increase in HRSU (+ 15%), HRST (+ 14%). 2. F(LF+ SULF- ST) for 8 tests: increase in LFSU (+ 190%) decrease in LFST (- 84%) and increase in HRST (+ 21%). 3. F(HF- SUHF+ ST) for 6 tests: decrease in HFSU (- 72%) and increase in HFST (+ 501%). 4. F(HF+ SU) for only 1 test with an increase in HFSU (+ 2161%) and decrease in HRSU (- 15%). Supine and standing HRV patterns were independently modified by fatigue. 4 fatigue-shifted HRV patterns were statistically sorted according to differently paired changes in the 2 postures. This characterization might be useful for further understanding autonomic rearrangements in different fatigue conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1007
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • athletes
  • fatigue
  • heart rate variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Typology of Fatigue by Heart Rate Variability Analysis in Elite Nordic-skiers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this