Two-stage approach for surgical treatment of tetralogy of Fallot in underweight children: Clinical and morphological outcomes

Andrey V. Nokhrin, Roman S. Tarasov, Rinat A. Mukhamadiyarov, Daria K. Shishkova, Anton G. Kutikhin, Anna N. Dzyuman, Igor A. Khlusov, Leonid S. Barbarash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Two-stage surgery including right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) stenting with subsequent total surgical repair (TSG) has been suggested as a promising curative option in infants with tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) having comorbidities such as low body weight. However, data on clinical outcomes of such approach and tissue response to RVOT stenting in underweight infants are scarce. Methods: We recruited 16 underweight (<3 kg; average weight, 2.2 ± 0.4 and 4.7 ± 0.9 kg at the time of RVOT stenting and TSG, respectively) infants (1-3 months of age, average 28.2 ± 4.3 and 100.2 ± 22.3 days at the time of RVOT stenting and TSG, respectively) with ToF and performed RVOT stenting with the subsequent TSG. Excised stents were embedded into epoxy resin and stained by toluidine blue and basic fuchsin. Results: Fifteen infants had a favorable clinical outcome, probably due to the rapid increase in the body weight, blood oxygen saturation, and left ventricular end-diastolic volume to body surface area ratio indicative of improved pulmonary perfusion. Histological analysis revealed an endothelial cell monolayer at the stent surface with notable neovascularization of stented tissues, which could potentially explain the abovementioned clinical and echocardiography improvements. The only death occurred immediately after RVOT stenting and was caused by a massive subdural hematoma, possibly provoked by grade 2 intraventricular hemorrhage 12 days before the stenting. Conclusions: We confirm RVOT stenting with the subsequent TSG as a safe and efficient surgical approach for the treatment of underweight children with ToF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-299
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiac Surgery
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • low body weight
  • neovascularization
  • right ventricular outflow tract stenting
  • tetralogy of Fallot
  • total surgical repair
  • underweight children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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