TiSiC, TiSiC-Zr, and TiSiC-Cr Coatings—Corrosion Resistance and Tribological Performance in Saline Solution

A. C. Parau, C. Vitelaru, M. Balaceanu, V. Braic, L. R. Constantin, M. Braic, A. Vladescu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


TiSiC coatings alloyed with Zr and Cr were deposited on Si and 316 L steel substrates by a cathodic arc method in a CH4 reactive atmosphere. The corrosion and wear behavior of the coatings in 0.9% NaCl solution was investigated. Corrosion resistance of the coatings was evaluated by electrochemical tests. The electrochemical polarization measurements were conducted at room temperature in the potential range −1 and 1.5 V, with a 0.167 mVs−1 scan rate. Compared to the uncoated 316 L substrates, the coated ones showed nobler characteristics, with more electropositive corrosion potentials, lower corrosion current densities, and higher polarization resistances. TiSiC-Zr exhibited the lowest corrosion current density (0.62 μAcm−2) and the highest protection efficiency (69.5%). The tribological performance of the coatings under corrosive conditions (0.9% NaCl solution) was investigated using a ball-on-disc tribometer (6-mm-diameter sapphire ball, 5 N load, 0.15 ms−1 sliding speed, 400 m sliding distance). The TiSiC-Cr coating demonstrated the best wear behavior, with a wear rate of 3.2 × 10−6 mm3N−1m−1, followed by TiSiC and TiSiC-Zr. The morphologies and compositions of the worn surfaces were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) in order to identify the wear mechanism. Corrosion, debris adhesion, and oxidation were found to be the dominant wear processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalTribology Transactions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbides
  • cathodic arc deposition
  • electrochemical measurements
  • tribological characteristics
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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