Thermal stability and flammability of epoxy composites filled with multi-walled carbon nanotubes, boric acid, and sodium bicarbonate

Olga B. Nazarenko, Yulia A. Amelkovich, Alexander G. Bannov, Irina S. Berdyugina, Visakh P. Maniyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Epoxy composites filled with 0.5 wt% of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), 10 and 15 wt% of boric acid and sodium bicarbonate separately, as well as composites filled with a combination of MWCNTs-boric acid and MWCNTs-sodium bicarbonate were prepared. The thermal behavior of the prepared samples was investigated under heating in oxidative environment using thermogravimetric analysis. The hardness was measured using the Shore D hardness test. To evaluate the flammability of the samples, the ignition temperature and time-to-ignition were determined. It was concluded that sodium bicarbonate in the studied concentrations (10 and 15 wt%) is not appropriate for use as a filler capable of improving the thermooxidative stability and reducing the flammability of epoxy polymers. The improvement in the thermal properties can be achieved by using the combination of boric acid and multi-walled carbon nanotubes as fillers. The thermooxidative destruction of the samples filled with boric acid passes more slowly and more evenly via the formation of B2O3 as a result of its decomposition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number638
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalPolymers
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Boric acid
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Epoxy composites
  • Flammability
  • Sodium bicarbonate
  • Thermal degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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