The heat capacity at constant pressure of fullerite C 60 has been investigated using an adiabatic calorimeter in a temperature range from 1.2 to 120 K. Our results and literature data have been analyzed in a temperature interval from 0.2 to 300 K. The contributions of the intramolecular and lattice vibrations into the heat capacity of C 60 have been separated. The contribution of the intramolecular vibration becomes significant above 50 K. Below 2.3K the experimental temperature dependence of the heat capacity of C 60 is described by the linear and cubic terms. The limiting Debye temperature at T → 0 K has been estimated (Θ 0 =84.4 K). In the interval from 1.2 to 30K the experimental curve of the heat capacity of C 60 describes the contributions of rotational tunnel levels, translational vibrations (in the Debye model with Θ 0 =84.4 K), and librations (in the Einstein model with Θ E,lib =32.5 K). It is shown that the experimental temperature dependences of heat capacity and thermal expansion are proportional in the region from 5 to 60K. The contribution of the cooperative processes of orientational disordering becomes appreciable above 180 K. In the hightemperature phase the lattice heat capacity at constant volume is close to 4.5 R, which corresponds to the high-temperature limit of translational vibrations (3 R) and the near-free rotational motion of C 60 molecules (1.5 R).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)