The influence of nanoxide additives on the characteristics of thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate

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Abstract

Thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) containing 5% (by weight) of catalytic additives in the form of metal oxides (NiO, CuO, Co2O3) has been studied. The experiment was performed by thermogravimetric analysis at a heating rate of 5°C/min to a maximum temperature of 800°C in argon atmosphere. Based on the results of DTA, physical and kinetic characteristics of thermal decomposition we analytically assessed. The addition of catalytic agents was found to lead to a decrease of onset temperature of active NH4NO3 decomposition, which promotes the reaction shift to the low-temperature region. The effect of the initiation additive manifested in a significant reduction of sample residence time within preheating stage (Δti = 5.2 min). In presence of catalytic additives the total time of thermal decomposition tf was found to decrease. The greatest change of Δtf (2.8 minutes) was recorded for the sample modified by addition of Co3O4. The maximum decrease of the average activation energy (for decomposition of 5%Co3O4/NH4NO3) was 14.2 kJ/mol.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012065
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1128
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2018
Event3rd All-Russian Scientific Conference Thermophysics and Physical Hydrodynamics with the School for Young Scientists, TPH 2018 - Yalta, Crimea, Ukraine
Duration: 10 Sep 201816 Sep 2018

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ammonium nitrates
thermal decomposition
decomposition
heating
metal oxides
thermal analysis
argon
activation energy
atmospheres
temperature
shift
kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "The influence of nanoxide additives on the characteristics of thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate",
abstract = "Thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) containing 5{\%} (by weight) of catalytic additives in the form of metal oxides (NiO, CuO, Co2O3) has been studied. The experiment was performed by thermogravimetric analysis at a heating rate of 5°C/min to a maximum temperature of 800°C in argon atmosphere. Based on the results of DTA, physical and kinetic characteristics of thermal decomposition we analytically assessed. The addition of catalytic agents was found to lead to a decrease of onset temperature of active NH4NO3 decomposition, which promotes the reaction shift to the low-temperature region. The effect of the initiation additive manifested in a significant reduction of sample residence time within preheating stage (Δti = 5.2 min). In presence of catalytic additives the total time of thermal decomposition tf was found to decrease. The greatest change of Δtf (2.8 minutes) was recorded for the sample modified by addition of Co3O4. The maximum decrease of the average activation energy (for decomposition of 5{\%}Co3O4/NH4NO3) was 14.2 kJ/mol.",
author = "Larionov, {K. B.} and Mishakov, {I. V.} and Gromov, {A. A.} and Zenkov, {A. V.}",
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T1 - The influence of nanoxide additives on the characteristics of thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate

AU - Larionov, K. B.

AU - Mishakov, I. V.

AU - Gromov, A. A.

AU - Zenkov, A. V.

PY - 2018/12/7

Y1 - 2018/12/7

N2 - Thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) containing 5% (by weight) of catalytic additives in the form of metal oxides (NiO, CuO, Co2O3) has been studied. The experiment was performed by thermogravimetric analysis at a heating rate of 5°C/min to a maximum temperature of 800°C in argon atmosphere. Based on the results of DTA, physical and kinetic characteristics of thermal decomposition we analytically assessed. The addition of catalytic agents was found to lead to a decrease of onset temperature of active NH4NO3 decomposition, which promotes the reaction shift to the low-temperature region. The effect of the initiation additive manifested in a significant reduction of sample residence time within preheating stage (Δti = 5.2 min). In presence of catalytic additives the total time of thermal decomposition tf was found to decrease. The greatest change of Δtf (2.8 minutes) was recorded for the sample modified by addition of Co3O4. The maximum decrease of the average activation energy (for decomposition of 5%Co3O4/NH4NO3) was 14.2 kJ/mol.

AB - Thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) containing 5% (by weight) of catalytic additives in the form of metal oxides (NiO, CuO, Co2O3) has been studied. The experiment was performed by thermogravimetric analysis at a heating rate of 5°C/min to a maximum temperature of 800°C in argon atmosphere. Based on the results of DTA, physical and kinetic characteristics of thermal decomposition we analytically assessed. The addition of catalytic agents was found to lead to a decrease of onset temperature of active NH4NO3 decomposition, which promotes the reaction shift to the low-temperature region. The effect of the initiation additive manifested in a significant reduction of sample residence time within preheating stage (Δti = 5.2 min). In presence of catalytic additives the total time of thermal decomposition tf was found to decrease. The greatest change of Δtf (2.8 minutes) was recorded for the sample modified by addition of Co3O4. The maximum decrease of the average activation energy (for decomposition of 5%Co3O4/NH4NO3) was 14.2 kJ/mol.

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