The influence of liquid plant additives on the anthropogenic gas emissions from the combustion of coal-water slurries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At present, coal is considered one of the main components for the production of cheap, high-energy and environmentally attractive slurry fuels. The latter can be produced on the basis of low-grade coal dust or coal processing wastes. Thus, coal-water slurries and coal-water slurries containing petrochemicals are produced. The involvement of coal and oil processing wastes expands the scope of raw materials, reduces the fuel costs from traditional energy sources and modifies the main economic characteristics of power plant performance. However, it also increases the impact of coal-fired thermal power stations on the environment. In the last 30–50 years, many efforts have been made to decrease the negative impact of human industrial activity on climate. Involving plant-based components in the process of energy generation to save energy and material resources looks very promising nowadays. This research studies the influence of adding typical bioliquids (bioethanol, turpentine, glycerol) on the concentration of anthropogenic emissions from coal-water slurry combustion. Relative mass concentrations of bioliquids varied in a small range below 20%. We focused on the concentration of the most hazardous sulfur and nitrogen oxides from the combustion of typical filter cakes, as well as plant-containing slurries. It was established that the concentration of sulfur oxides can be decreased (as compared to coal) by 75%, whereas that of nitrogen oxides by almost 30%. Using a generalizing criteria expression, we illustrated the main benefits of adding bioliquids to slurry fuels in comparison with coal. Adding 20% of glycerol was found to provide maximum advantages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-41
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume242
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Fingerprint

Coal
Slurries
Gas emissions
Gases
Water
Liquids
Sulfur Oxides
Nitrogen oxides
Glycerol
Turpentine
Nitrogen Oxides
Coal dust
Bioethanol
Power Plants
Plant Structures
Processing
Petrochemicals
Dust
Climate
Human Activities

Keywords

  • Anthropogenic gas emissions
  • Coal and oil processing wastes
  • Coal-water slurries
  • Combustion
  • Complex criterion
  • Plant additives and dopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

@article{ac086c41474e4649bf89552a2cbe8a1d,
title = "The influence of liquid plant additives on the anthropogenic gas emissions from the combustion of coal-water slurries",
abstract = "At present, coal is considered one of the main components for the production of cheap, high-energy and environmentally attractive slurry fuels. The latter can be produced on the basis of low-grade coal dust or coal processing wastes. Thus, coal-water slurries and coal-water slurries containing petrochemicals are produced. The involvement of coal and oil processing wastes expands the scope of raw materials, reduces the fuel costs from traditional energy sources and modifies the main economic characteristics of power plant performance. However, it also increases the impact of coal-fired thermal power stations on the environment. In the last 30–50 years, many efforts have been made to decrease the negative impact of human industrial activity on climate. Involving plant-based components in the process of energy generation to save energy and material resources looks very promising nowadays. This research studies the influence of adding typical bioliquids (bioethanol, turpentine, glycerol) on the concentration of anthropogenic emissions from coal-water slurry combustion. Relative mass concentrations of bioliquids varied in a small range below 20{\%}. We focused on the concentration of the most hazardous sulfur and nitrogen oxides from the combustion of typical filter cakes, as well as plant-containing slurries. It was established that the concentration of sulfur oxides can be decreased (as compared to coal) by 75{\%}, whereas that of nitrogen oxides by almost 30{\%}. Using a generalizing criteria expression, we illustrated the main benefits of adding bioliquids to slurry fuels in comparison with coal. Adding 20{\%} of glycerol was found to provide maximum advantages.",
keywords = "Anthropogenic gas emissions, Coal and oil processing wastes, Coal-water slurries, Combustion, Complex criterion, Plant additives and dopes",
author = "Nyashina, {G. S.} and Strizhak, {P. A.}",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.envpol.2018.06.072",
language = "English",
volume = "242",
pages = "31--41",
journal = "Environmental Pollution",
issn = "0269-7491",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of liquid plant additives on the anthropogenic gas emissions from the combustion of coal-water slurries

AU - Nyashina, G. S.

AU - Strizhak, P. A.

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - At present, coal is considered one of the main components for the production of cheap, high-energy and environmentally attractive slurry fuels. The latter can be produced on the basis of low-grade coal dust or coal processing wastes. Thus, coal-water slurries and coal-water slurries containing petrochemicals are produced. The involvement of coal and oil processing wastes expands the scope of raw materials, reduces the fuel costs from traditional energy sources and modifies the main economic characteristics of power plant performance. However, it also increases the impact of coal-fired thermal power stations on the environment. In the last 30–50 years, many efforts have been made to decrease the negative impact of human industrial activity on climate. Involving plant-based components in the process of energy generation to save energy and material resources looks very promising nowadays. This research studies the influence of adding typical bioliquids (bioethanol, turpentine, glycerol) on the concentration of anthropogenic emissions from coal-water slurry combustion. Relative mass concentrations of bioliquids varied in a small range below 20%. We focused on the concentration of the most hazardous sulfur and nitrogen oxides from the combustion of typical filter cakes, as well as plant-containing slurries. It was established that the concentration of sulfur oxides can be decreased (as compared to coal) by 75%, whereas that of nitrogen oxides by almost 30%. Using a generalizing criteria expression, we illustrated the main benefits of adding bioliquids to slurry fuels in comparison with coal. Adding 20% of glycerol was found to provide maximum advantages.

AB - At present, coal is considered one of the main components for the production of cheap, high-energy and environmentally attractive slurry fuels. The latter can be produced on the basis of low-grade coal dust or coal processing wastes. Thus, coal-water slurries and coal-water slurries containing petrochemicals are produced. The involvement of coal and oil processing wastes expands the scope of raw materials, reduces the fuel costs from traditional energy sources and modifies the main economic characteristics of power plant performance. However, it also increases the impact of coal-fired thermal power stations on the environment. In the last 30–50 years, many efforts have been made to decrease the negative impact of human industrial activity on climate. Involving plant-based components in the process of energy generation to save energy and material resources looks very promising nowadays. This research studies the influence of adding typical bioliquids (bioethanol, turpentine, glycerol) on the concentration of anthropogenic emissions from coal-water slurry combustion. Relative mass concentrations of bioliquids varied in a small range below 20%. We focused on the concentration of the most hazardous sulfur and nitrogen oxides from the combustion of typical filter cakes, as well as plant-containing slurries. It was established that the concentration of sulfur oxides can be decreased (as compared to coal) by 75%, whereas that of nitrogen oxides by almost 30%. Using a generalizing criteria expression, we illustrated the main benefits of adding bioliquids to slurry fuels in comparison with coal. Adding 20% of glycerol was found to provide maximum advantages.

KW - Anthropogenic gas emissions

KW - Coal and oil processing wastes

KW - Coal-water slurries

KW - Combustion

KW - Complex criterion

KW - Plant additives and dopes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049326128&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85049326128&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.06.072

DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.06.072

M3 - Article

VL - 242

SP - 31

EP - 41

JO - Environmental Pollution

JF - Environmental Pollution

SN - 0269-7491

ER -