This paper presents the experimental research into the impingement of single-and multicomponent liquid drops on a solid wall. We focus on studying the conditions and characteristics of two impact scenarios: rebound and breakup. We performed a comprehensive analysis of the effect of a group of factors on the drop transformation and fragmentation characteristics. These factors include the drop velocity and size, Weber number, impinging angle, wall temperature, thermophysical properties of the wall material, surface roughness, hydrophilic and hydrophobic behavior of the surface, homogeneity and inhomogeneity of the drop composition, as well as viscosity and surface tension of the liquid. We compared the outcomes of one, two, and three drops with the same total volume on a wall. Histograms were plotted of the number and size distribution of the emerging secondary droplets. The results include the critical conditions for the intense breakup of drops. Such factors as wall heating, its roughness, impinging angle, drop size and velocity affected the breakup conditions most notably. The variation of a group of these factors could provide a 2-25-fold increase in the liquid surface area as a result of the impact.
- Liquid drop
- Secondary atomization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes