The Baikal underwater neutrino telescope: Design, performance, and first results

I. A. Belolaptikov, L. B. Bezrukov, B. A. Borisovets, N. M. Budnev, E. V. Bugaev, A. G. Chensky, I. A. Danilchenko, J. A.M. Djilkibaev, V. I. Dobrynin, G. V. Domogatsky, L. A. Donskych, A. A. Doroshenko, G. N. Dudkin, V. Yu Egorov, S. V. Fialkovsky, A. A. Garus, A. Gaponenko, A. V. Golikov, O. A. Gress, T. A. GressM. N. Gushtan, R. Heller, V. B. Kabikov, H. Heukenkamp, A. Karle, A. M. Klabukov, A. I. Klimov, S. I. Klimushin, A. P. Koshechkin, J. Krabi, V. F. Kulepov, L. A. Kuzmichov, O. Yu Lanin, A. L. Lopin, B. K. Lubsandorzhiev, M. B. Milenin, T. Mikolajski, R. R. Mirgazov, A. V. Moroz, N. I. Moseiko, M. N. Nemchenko, S. A. Nikiforov, N. V. Ogievetsky, E. A. Osipova, A. N. Padusenko, A. I. Panfilov, Yu V. Parfenov, A. A. Pavlov, D. P. Petukhov, K. A. Pocheikin, P. G. Pokhil, P. A. Pokolev, M. I. Rosanov, V. Yu Rubzov, A. V. Rzhestshitski, S. I. Sinegovsky, I. A. Sokalski, Ch Spiering, O. Streicher, A. A. Sumanov, L. Tanko, T. Thon, B. A. Tarashanski, I. I. Trofimenko, Ch Wiebusch, R. Wischnewski, V. L. Zurbanov

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Abstract

A first deep underwater detector for muons and neutrinos, NT-200, is currently under construction in Lake Baikal. Part of the detector, NT-36, with 36 photomultiplier tubes at three strings, has been installed in 1993. This array allowed for the first time a three-dimensional mapping of Cherenkov light deep underwater. Since then, various arrays have been almost continuously taking data. Presently a 96-PMT array is operating. We describe the NT-200 detector design and present results obtained with NT-36.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-282
Number of pages20
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997

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Keywords

  • Cherenkov detector
  • Lake baikal
  • Magnetic monopoles
  • Muons
  • Neutrinos
  • Track reconstruction
  • Underwater telescope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Belolaptikov, I. A., Bezrukov, L. B., Borisovets, B. A., Budnev, N. M., Bugaev, E. V., Chensky, A. G., ... Zurbanov, V. L. (1997). The Baikal underwater neutrino telescope: Design, performance, and first results. Astroparticle Physics, 7(3), 263-282. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-6505(97)00022-4