The ablation of plastics by intense pulsed ion beam

Xiao Yu, Shijian Zhang, Nan Zhang, Haowen Zhong, Guoying Liang, Mofei Xu, Shicheng Kuang, Jianhui Ren, Xuying Shang, Sha Yan, Gennady Efimovich Remnev, Xiaoyun Le

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

With strong flash heating effects, intense pulsed ion beam (IPIB) may induce ablation on the solid surface and it is the basis of applications such as surface cleaning, nanopowder preparation and thin-film synthesis with IPIB. In this study, the ablation of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) by IPIB was investigated with varied beam energy density on pulsed ion beam accelerator BIPPAB-450 to study the ablation of IPIB under strong ablation. With thermal imaging measurement, it is revealed that when energy reaches a certain threshold, the ablation plume generated on the target surface may impose a shielding effect on the ion beam energy from depositing in the target. It is verified by thermal field simulation that for the low evaporation temperature and high thermal resistance, intense ablation plume may be generated on the surface of plastics under low IPIB energy density or at the early stage of IPIB irradiation. Ablation mass measurement demonstrated that under irradiation of IPIB with a pulse length of 120 ns, ion energy up to 450 keV, energy density up to 3.8 J/cm2, the mass loss of the target increases with the rise of IPIB energy density. Under the irradiation of a series of pulses, the mass loss of PMMA increases proportionally. Unlike ablation on metals by direct beam energy deposition, the ablation of plastics by IPIB endures more stages and the ablation may be more achieved by the heated ablation plasma by beam irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125338
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume384
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Energy shielding
  • Intense pulsed ion beam
  • Polymethyl methacrylate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Yu, X., Zhang, S., Zhang, N., Zhong, H., Liang, G., Xu, M., Kuang, S., Ren, J., Shang, X., Yan, S., Remnev, G. E., & Le, X. (2020). The ablation of plastics by intense pulsed ion beam. Surface and Coatings Technology, 384, [125338]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2020.125338