Test of lepton flavor universality by the measurement of the B0 →d∗-τ+ντ branching fraction using three-prong τ decays

(LHCb Collaboration)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ratio of branching fractions R(D∗-)≡B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)/B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ) is measured using a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb-1. The τ lepton is reconstructed with three charged pions in the final state. A novel method is used that exploits the different vertex topologies of signal and backgrounds to isolate samples of semitauonic decays of b hadrons with high purity. Using the B0→D∗-π+π-π+ decay as the normalization channel, the ratio B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)/B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+) is measured to be 1.97±0.13±0.18, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. An average of branching fraction measurements for the normalization channel is used to derive B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)=(1.42±0.094±0.129±0.054)%, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+). A test of lepton flavor universality is performed using the well-measured branching fraction B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ) to compute R(D∗-)=0.291±0.019±0.026±0.013, where the third uncertainty originates from the uncertainties on B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+) and B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ). This measurement is in agreement with the Standard Model prediction and with previous measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number074012
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume97
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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leptons
decay
protons
hadrons
center of mass
purity
apexes
pions
topology
luminosity
collisions
detectors
predictions
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Test of lepton flavor universality by the measurement of the B0 →d∗-τ+ντ branching fraction using three-prong τ decays. / (LHCb Collaboration).

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 97, No. 7, 074012, 01.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Test of lepton flavor universality by the measurement of the B0 →d∗-τ+ντ branching fraction using three-prong τ decays",
abstract = "The ratio of branching fractions R(D∗-)≡B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)/B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ) is measured using a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb-1. The τ lepton is reconstructed with three charged pions in the final state. A novel method is used that exploits the different vertex topologies of signal and backgrounds to isolate samples of semitauonic decays of b hadrons with high purity. Using the B0→D∗-π+π-π+ decay as the normalization channel, the ratio B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)/B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+) is measured to be 1.97±0.13±0.18, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. An average of branching fraction measurements for the normalization channel is used to derive B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)=(1.42±0.094±0.129±0.054){\%}, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+). A test of lepton flavor universality is performed using the well-measured branching fraction B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ) to compute R(D∗-)=0.291±0.019±0.026±0.013, where the third uncertainty originates from the uncertainties on B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+) and B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ). This measurement is in agreement with the Standard Model prediction and with previous measurements.",
author = "{(LHCb Collaboration)} and R. Aaij and B. Adeva and M. Adinolfi and Z. Ajaltouni and S. Akar and J. Albrecht and F. Alessio and M. Alexander and {Alfonso Albero}, A. and S. Ali and G. Alkhazov and {Alvarez Cartelle}, P. and Alves, {A. A.} and S. Amato and S. Amerio and Y. Amhis and L. An and L. Anderlini and G. Andreassi and M. Andreotti and Andrews, {J. E.} and Appleby, {R. B.} and F. Archilli and P. D'Argent and {Arnau Romeu}, J. and A. Artamonov and M. Artuso and E. Aslanides and G. Auriemma and M. Baalouch and I. Babuschkin and S. Bachmann and Back, {J. J.} and A. Badalov and C. Baesso and S. Baker and V. Balagura and W. Baldini and A. Baranov and Barlow, {R. J.} and C. Barschel and S. Barsuk and W. Barter and F. Baryshnikov and V. Batozskaya and V. Battista and A. Bay and A. Mazurov and A. Petrov and A. Vagner",
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AU - Aaij, R.

AU - Adeva, B.

AU - Adinolfi, M.

AU - Ajaltouni, Z.

AU - Akar, S.

AU - Albrecht, J.

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AU - Alexander, M.

AU - Alfonso Albero, A.

AU - Ali, S.

AU - Alkhazov, G.

AU - Alvarez Cartelle, P.

AU - Alves, A. A.

AU - Amato, S.

AU - Amerio, S.

AU - Amhis, Y.

AU - An, L.

AU - Anderlini, L.

AU - Andreassi, G.

AU - Andreotti, M.

AU - Andrews, J. E.

AU - Appleby, R. B.

AU - Archilli, F.

AU - D'Argent, P.

AU - Arnau Romeu, J.

AU - Artamonov, A.

AU - Artuso, M.

AU - Aslanides, E.

AU - Auriemma, G.

AU - Baalouch, M.

AU - Babuschkin, I.

AU - Bachmann, S.

AU - Back, J. J.

AU - Badalov, A.

AU - Baesso, C.

AU - Baker, S.

AU - Balagura, V.

AU - Baldini, W.

AU - Baranov, A.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

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AU - Barsuk, S.

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AU - Baryshnikov, F.

AU - Batozskaya, V.

AU - Battista, V.

AU - Bay, A.

AU - Mazurov, A.

AU - Petrov, A.

AU - Vagner, A.

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N2 - The ratio of branching fractions R(D∗-)≡B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)/B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ) is measured using a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb-1. The τ lepton is reconstructed with three charged pions in the final state. A novel method is used that exploits the different vertex topologies of signal and backgrounds to isolate samples of semitauonic decays of b hadrons with high purity. Using the B0→D∗-π+π-π+ decay as the normalization channel, the ratio B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)/B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+) is measured to be 1.97±0.13±0.18, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. An average of branching fraction measurements for the normalization channel is used to derive B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)=(1.42±0.094±0.129±0.054)%, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+). A test of lepton flavor universality is performed using the well-measured branching fraction B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ) to compute R(D∗-)=0.291±0.019±0.026±0.013, where the third uncertainty originates from the uncertainties on B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+) and B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ). This measurement is in agreement with the Standard Model prediction and with previous measurements.

AB - The ratio of branching fractions R(D∗-)≡B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)/B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ) is measured using a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb-1. The τ lepton is reconstructed with three charged pions in the final state. A novel method is used that exploits the different vertex topologies of signal and backgrounds to isolate samples of semitauonic decays of b hadrons with high purity. Using the B0→D∗-π+π-π+ decay as the normalization channel, the ratio B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)/B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+) is measured to be 1.97±0.13±0.18, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. An average of branching fraction measurements for the normalization channel is used to derive B(B0→D∗-τ+ντ)=(1.42±0.094±0.129±0.054)%, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+). A test of lepton flavor universality is performed using the well-measured branching fraction B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ) to compute R(D∗-)=0.291±0.019±0.026±0.013, where the third uncertainty originates from the uncertainties on B(B0→D∗-π+π-π+) and B(B0→D∗-μ+νμ). This measurement is in agreement with the Standard Model prediction and with previous measurements.

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