The capability of generating terajets using three-dimensional (3D) dielectric cuboids working at terahertz (THZ) frequencies (as analogues of nanojets in the infrared band) is introduced and studied numerically. The focusing performance of the terajets is evaluated in terms of the transversal full width at half maximum (FWHM) along x- and y-directions using different refractive indices for a 3D dielectric cuboid with a fixed geometry, obtaining a quasi-symmetric terajet with a subwavelength resolution of ∼0. 46λ0 when the refractive index is n = 1.41. Moreover, the backscattering enhancement produced when metal particles are introduced in the terajet region is demonstrated for a 3D dielectric cuboid and compared with its two-dimensional (2D) counterpart. The results of the jet generated for the 3D case are experimentally validated at sub-THZ waves, demonstrating the ability to produce terajets using 3D cuboids.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)