Swelling-induced K+ fluxes in vascular smooth muscle cells are mediated by charybdotoxin-sensitive K+ channels

Yana Anfinogenova, Xavier Rodriguez, Ryszard Grygorczyk, Norma Adragna, Peter Lauf, Pavel Hamet, Sergei Orlov

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)


    This study examines the relative contributions of K-Cl cotransport and K+ channels to swelling-induced K+ fluxes in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). DIOA known as a potent inhibitor of erythrocyte K-Cl cotransport exerts diverse side-effects on VSMC and can not be used to analyze the role of this carrier in swelling-induced K+ fluxes. Other inhibitors of K-Cl cotransport (furosemide, okadaic acid and calyculin A) did not affect K+ fluxes in VSMC triggered by swelling. Swelling-induced K+ fluxes in VSMC were also not affected by K+ channel blockers such as TEA, glibenclamide and apamin, but were blocked by Ba2+ and charybdotoxin (ChTX), a potent inhibitor of Ca2+-and voltage-gated K+ channels. Swelling-induced K+ influx in VSMC was diminished in Ca2+-free medium and in cells loaded with Ca2+ chelator BAPTA, but was not accompanied by detectable elevation of [Ca2+]i. In contrast to Ca2+-induced hyperpolarization of erythrocytes triggered by activation of intermediate conductance Ca2+-gated K+ channels (IKCa), neither clotrimazole nor calmodulin antagonists (R24571, trifluoroperazine, fluphenazine) affected swelling-induced K+ influx in VSMC. In conclusion, K+ fluxes triggered in swollen VSMC are mediated by Ba2+- and ChTX-sensitive K+ channels. These channels are distinct from IKCa expressed in erythrocytes. Their molecular origin and systems involved in the swelling-induced Ca2+i-independent signal transduction pathway need further investigation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)295-310
    Number of pages16
    JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


    • Ca
    • Calmodulin
    • Cell swelling
    • K channels
    • K, Cl cotransport
    • Smooth muscle

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Cell Biology

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