Surfactant protein (SP)-D, a 43-kD multifunctional collagen-like lectin, is synthesized and secreted by the airway epithelium. SP-D knockout (SP-D [-/-]) mice exhibit an increase in the number and size of airway macrophages, peribronchiolar inflammation, increases in metalloproteinase activity, and development of emphysema. Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in a variety of signaling processes, and because altered NO metabolism has been observed in inflammation, we hypothesized that alterations in its metabolism would underlie the proinflammatory state observed in SP-D deficiency. Examination of the bronchial alveolar lavage (BAL) from SP-D (-/-) mice reveals a significant increase in protein and phospholipid content and total cell count. NO production and inducible NO synthase expression were increased in the BAL; however, there was a decline in 5-nitrosothiol (SNO) content in the BAL and a loss of SNO immunoreactivity within the tissue. This decline in SNO was accompanied by an increase in nitrotyrosine staining. We conclude that inflammation that occurs in SP-D deficiency results in an increase in NO production and a shift in the chemistry and targets of NO. We speculate that the proinflammatory response due to SP-D deficiency results, in part, from a disruption of NO-mediated signaling within the innate immune system.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Molecular Biology