The formation of the strata during fast explosion of metal foils at current densities of 0.1 GA/cm2 has been studied experimentally. To observe the strata, the soft x-ray radiation generated by an X-pinch was used. The study of the process of stratification during the foil explosion was carried out with a setup consisting of three generators. One of the generators (WEG-2), was operated to initiate the explosion of the foils, while the others (XPG radiographs) were used for diagnostics. The generator WEG-2 has the capacitance of 250 nF, the charge voltage of 20 kV, and the current rate of 16 A/ns. The radiographs XPG have the capacitance of 1 μF, the charge voltage of 43 kV, the current of 300 kA, and the current rise time of 180 ns. X-pinch produced by four Mo wires was a load for the radiographs. The delay between the operation of the WEG-2 and XPG generators was set using a DPG trigger pulse generator. We performed the experiments with the Al and Cu foils. The length of foil was 2 cm, the foil width was 1 mm, and the foil thickness was 6 μm. It has been revealed that strata were formed early in the explosion, i.e. at the stage when the metal melted. Analysis of the experimental results suggests that the most probable reason for the stratification is the thermal instability developing because of the increase in resistivity of the foil metal with temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)